Discuss whether the ways in which human rights law has addressed religious freedom is indicative of a human rights model in which minorities are only protected if they align with the values that the European Court of Human Rights has identified as inherent in the European Convention on Human Rights. Does this have the effect of suppressing multi-culturalism?
Religious freedom is protected under Article 9 ECHR. The balancing of this right tends to favour individuals who align with the values inherent in the ECHR, for instance, by protecting someone from harm or discrimination. Here, minorities rights have prevailed over Article 9 rights. However, religious freedoms of minorities have been restricted in light of majoritarian interests, even where majority rights have not been at stake. This demonstrates that minorities rights are only protected if they align with the values of the ECHR, but if they are not at risk from harm or discrimination, they are denied their Article 9 right, ultimately suppressing multi-culturalism.