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A comparative discussion on the Sex Discrimination (Election Candidates) Act 2002, and whether we need to further extend the use of electoral quotas to empower underrepresented groups.

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Today women constitute only 20.4% of the members of parliaments around the world. 1  This figure is compelling enough to reveal that there is a world-wide need to have more women in political institutions. Electoral quotas are the best solution to reach a gender balance.  In the following discussion we deal with a variety of issues. Firstly, we deal with the contribution of the Sex Discrimination (Election Candidates) Act, 2002 in reducing gender biases and fostering active participation of women in the political field in UK. Secondly, we deal with the Equality Act, 2010 which will replace the Sex Discrimination (Election Candidates) Act, 2002. The basics of the Equality Act, 2010 for fostering a framework of fairness have been covered. The wider scope of the Equality Act, 2010 has been given due importance , for, example, the coverage of the Act includes not only women but also certain protected categories as specified under Section 4 of the Act.